Java vs .NET: Core Features and Differences Between the Two

24 Apr. 2017 Software Development

In the good old and nascent era of computing, coding was a formidable task for any programmer. There were different types and makes of computer hardware – each with their own architecture. Computing power was exorbitant and programmers spent considerable time in writing specific machine instructions for programs. These were instruction mnemonics – that is symbolic language that the computers could read, and help different machines interpret the same program.

Dot Net and Java Comparison

Comparison Of .NET And Java

This process of translation and interpretation of mnemonics was incredibly slow. Mainframes and large systems meant millions of lines of code for small tasks. This gave way to the creation of higher level languages such as Java and .NET that allowed programmers to focus on resolving problems instead of helping machine decode commands.

.NET or Java?Our experts can help you to choose the right platform for your next application development

Java And .NET

Java and .NET are two of the major frameworks used for large-scale applications. Both technologies have evolved over the years to support and enhance desktop and server side application development. Often organizations and developers need to choose between the two. And because no platform is ideal there are advantages and disadvantages to either, one needs to look at the similarities and differences between the two.

FeatureMicrosoft .NetJava/JEE
Supported Programming LanguageC#, VB.NET, C++, .NET, PHP, Ruby, Python & moreJava, Clojure, Groovy, Scala, PHP, Ruby, Python, JavaScript & more
Works OnWindows Operating SystemAny Operating System
RuntimeCLRJVM
Server ComponentsNET, COMEJBs
GUI Components.NET ClassJavaBeans
Web Services SupportBuilt-inAdd-On
Unit TestingMicrosoft Unit Testing Framework, NUnitJUnit
Web Application FrameworkASP.NET MVC, Spring .NETSpring
Web Server ScriptingASP.NETJSF
Access Data ByADO.NET/oLeDBJDBC
HTTP EngineIISApplication Servers from Multiple Vendors

The end goal of both platforms is similar. But the means vary. There are several differences in the internal mechanism of these frameworks and languages they use.

1.Windows vs. Multi-Platform: There are a few open source implementations of Microsoft’s .NET framework, .NET is mainly targeted for the windows operating system. Java, however is quite portable and platform independent. It is based on the concept that the same software should be interoperable with different computers, devices, consumer gadgets etc. on a network. Java apps are run on virtual machines that follow the adage of Write Once and Run Anywhere, so the applications work well with different systems without the need to rewrite.

2.Languages Supported: With the J2EE Java framework, Java is the default programming language and there are no other choices offered. This makes it easier for developers wanting to master the technology by simplifying the selection. .NET development framework offers support for several language types including C#, F#, and VB.net. What’s more, there is opportunity to rewrite additional programs for the .NET framework. Businesses often close on a .NET development company for enterprise app development, for this flexibility.

3.IDE: Microsoft Visual Studio is the default IDE for .NET applications. This tool provides everything that a developer needs to develop, debug, build and deploy any type of application targeted for the .NET framework.

There are four main IDEs, Eclipse, IntelliJ Idea, Oracle NetBeans and Oracle JDeveloper for Java and various minor ones. This means that instead of being tied up with a single platform and single environment, Java allows you to choose the product that best fits your requirements and budgets. You can choose to use Mac OS, Linux, or any other platform for which a JDK exists.

Comparison Between .Net And Java – Key Similarities

Java and .NET are fundamentally quite similar. Both are intended to simplify the development of apps by providing a system of modular, standardized components and services. These standardized components allow developers to focus on business logic rather than programming at a more basic level. With the help of visual tools that aid application development often called Rapid Application Development (RAD).

  • Multi-Tiered Computing Technologies: Java and .NET were both created to help programmers build “tiered” web applications. The three-tiered applications comprise a client tier, server tier and database tier. Both .NET and Java provide services to facilitate transactions in which business logic can be captured and data recorded.
  • Enterprise Level Development: Java and .NET are both excellent technologies to achieve the end goal of enterprise application development. Their origins lie in C# (primary language for .NET) and C and C++ (Java). The platforms are both object oriented, type safe and have automatic garbage collection. While they use different syntax, they try to achieve the same result.
  • Integrated Web Services: Java and .NET have enhanced capabilities to build and integrate web services, making applications more extensible and interoperable. Both platforms have a similar set of components and features that provide a standard way performing certain tasks like accessing databases, scripting web pages, handling messages and connecting to remote resources.

Conclusion: How To Choose Between .NET And Java?

.NET and Java have been around for ages and are both iconic development platforms. However, when you have to make a decision between the two, there are some considerations you must weigh.

1.Complexity Of The Applications – The general perception is that Microsoft has a slight edge over Java for building apps that need a richer GUI and for delivering web-based content. Whereas Java has the upper hand for delivering complex applications that support higher volume of data or users.

2.Portability – Java has multi-platform compatibility and that gives you the freedom of vendor choice. Organizations often opt for custom Java development when integration and interoperability are a priority.

3.Existing Developer Skills – Consider your existing technology skillset and capabilities of your workforce. Do you have developers that sway towards a particular technology? Training developers and replacing infrastructure might scale up the costs considerably.

Find out more about the suitability of .NET versus Java for enterprise apps by consulting our experts.

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