Photography – The Art you can find around yourself – Part II

02 Feb. 2011 General

Photography is the process, activity and art of creating still pictures by recording radiation on a radiation-sensitive medium, such as a photographic film, or electronic image sensors. In my previous article I have given a glimpse of idea about framing, which is very important in photography. Here I am giving a brief idea about framing techniques. Framing is nothing but a composition technique through view finder (in SLR) and LCD screen (in digi-cam), to be simply described framing is the technique of drawing attention to the subject of your image by blocking other parts of the image with something in the scene. The objective of framing is to highlight the subject in different perspective.

From below example you will have a brief idea – how the subject line can be briefed through framing

Subject 1 : Flying bird

Photography First of all, the subject line has to be understood, subject line says that the bird in flying situation. Here the bird is the key word, which has to be shown in flying condition. More precisely it can be said that how the bird looks, when it is flying.

The left snap just describes the subject line most clearly. The object should be more in ratio than it’s background.

Subject 2 : Flying bird in the sky
Here the subject line has been changed. It does not emphasize the bird only; sky is also being added here. The framing should include the bird as well as the part of sky.

Here the ratio of the object should be taken in framing in such a way, so that it’s background should be prominent in framing area.

Framing is totally aesthetic part of photography. As quality concerned, focus, shutter speed, ISO and aperture are also important.

Focusing technique: Apart from framing focusing an object perfectly is very important! This is very common mistake for beginners – while shooting, object is getting out of focus as something is there before the object. Normally in digital camera this happens quite often, because it takes the object in focus, which is at the center of the framing area, which cannot be changed manually. But in SLR, you can change the focusing area by manual focusing technique – rotating the focus ring in the lens mounted on SLR.

The object is getting blurred in the first photo, while the camera is in “Auto focus” mode. But in Manual Focus the focussing issue has been resolved.

In digital cameras the only way to resolve this “Out of focus” issue is to bring the centred focussing points (in either view finder or screen) mostly in object, which you want to focus. So the camera automatically focus the object, which lies at the centre of frame and the rest of the objects will be out of focus.

In SLR (Single Lens Reflector) keep the lens in manual mode and adjust the focus ring to bring the object in focus, but be careful of doing so to avoid the camera shake.

Other three controlling features are “Shutter Speed, ISO and Aperture”, which can be discussed in my next article. Hope you can understand the basic techniques of photography up to this level.

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