Entry and Exit Criteria in Software Testing
03 Jan. 2018 Software Testing & QA
Software testing plays a crucial role when it comes to building a product that not only meets the business and technical requirements but also simplifies software maintenance. There’s a major misconception that software testing is a post-development activity aimed at finding bugs and delivering anticipated outcomes. But an experienced tester would know that software development and testing are executed simultaneously.
It requires business analysts, developers and testers (or quality assurance professionals) to collaborate on a project to adhere to the standard usability policies and ensure that the product objectives are achieved.
Oftentimes, the process of testing a software becomes tedious as it has to be executed multiple times on a variety of platforms. But with the entry and exit criteria in software testing, the QA team can streamline the entire software testing life cycle while improving the quality of the software product. The entry and exit criteria make it easier for QAs to identify the requirements to be met, the type of tests to be performed during different test phases, as well as indicate when to commence and terminate a particular test activity.
Generally, the entry and exit criteria are determined for four test levels: Unit testing, Integration testing, System testing, and Acceptance testing. Each test level requires distinct entry and exit criteria to ensure the objectives of the test strategy and product requirements are met. Additionally, the QA professionals can utilize the outlined entry-exit criteria to analyze the outcomes of the test strategy.
What is An Entry Criteria in Software Testing?
Entry criteria for testing can be defined as “Specific conditions or on-going activities that must be present before a process can begin”. The Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) specifies the entry criteria required during each testing phase. It also specifies the time interval or required amount of lead time to make the entry criteria item available to the process. The inputs can be divided into two categories – inputs received from development and inputs produced from the test phases at the end of STLC.
The inputs from the testing phase include:
- Defined and Approved Requirements
- Test Plan
- Test Cases and Test Data
- Test Tools
- Testable Code with Appropriate Test Environment
What is An Exit Criteria in Software Testing?
Exit criteria in testing are often viewed as a single document commemorating the end of a life cycle phase. It can be defined as “The specific conditions or on-going activities that should be fulfilled prior to completing the software testing life cycle. STLC specifies which exit criteria are required at each testing phase”. The exit criteria can identify the intermediate deliverables and enable you to track them as independent events.
The following exit criteria should be considered for completion of a testing phase:
- Ensuring all critical Test Cases are passed
- Achieving complete Functional Coverage
- Executing the major functional/business flows successfully by leveraging various test inputs and ensuring that they are working fine
- Identifying and fixing all the high-priority defects
- Fixing all the ‘Show Stopper defects’ or ‘Blockers’ and ensuring that none of the identified Critical/Severity 1 defects are in Open Status
- Re-testing and closing all the high-priority defects to execute corresponding Regression scenarios successfully
The following output is achieved through the exit criteria:
- Test Logs
- Test Incident Report Log
- Test Summary Report/Findings Report
To sum up, the above-mentioned entry and exit criteria in software testing life cycle is a standard process every testing organization needs to follow. This, in turn, helps to improve the quality of your product. Rishabh Software provides end-to-end software testing services to ensure a bug-free, robust software solution for your business. Check out our Testing capabilities to leverage our matured and proven test approach.