Entry and Exit Criteria in Software Testing

03 Jan. 2018 Software Testing & QA

Software testing plays a crucial role while building software products. It helps meet the business and technical requirements to achieve the anticipated outcomes. The software maintenance gets simplified with bug identification.

The article lists down the entry and exit criteria for software testing. It will help companies to avoid confusion with significant considerations. The suggested pointers will help achieve the product objectives. Identified by Quality Assurance (QA) teams, it is a summation of usability policies.

Entry and Exit Criteria for Testing

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The entry and exit criteria in software testing make it easier for QAs to identify the requirements to be met, the type of tests to be performed during different test phases, as well as indicate when to commence and terminate a particular test activity. It helps streamline the entire software development life cycle while improving the quality of the software product.

Generally, the entry and exit criteria are determined for four test levels: Unit testing, Integration testing, System testing, and Acceptance testing. Each test level requires distinct entry and exit criteria to ensure the objectives of the test strategy and product requirements are met. Additionally, the QA professionals can utilize the outlined entry-exit criteria to analyze the outcomes of the test strategy.

What is An Entry Criteria in Software Testing?

Entry criteria for testing can be defined as “Specific conditions or on-going activities that must be present before a process can begin”. The Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) specifies the entry criteria required during each testing phase. It also specifies the time interval or required amount of lead time to make the entry criteria item available to the process. The inputs can be divided into two categories – inputs received from development and inputs produced from the test phases at the end of STLC.

The inputs from the testing phase include:

  • Defined and Approved Requirements
  • Test Plan
  • Test Cases and Test Data
  • Test Tools
  • Testable Code with Appropriate Test Environment

What is An Exit Criteria in Software Testing?

Exit criteria in testing are often viewed as a single document commemorating the end of a life cycle phase. It can be defined as “The specific conditions or on-going activities that should be fulfilled prior to completing the software testing life cycle. STLC specifies which exit criteria are required at each testing phase”. The exit criteria can identify the intermediate deliverables and enable you to track them as independent events.

The following exit criteria should be considered for completion of a testing phase:

  • Ensuring all critical Test Cases are passed
  • Achieving complete Functional Coverage
  • Executing the major functional/business flows successfully by leveraging various test inputs and ensuring that they are working fine
  • Identifying and fixing all the high-priority defects
  • Fixing all the ‘Show Stopper defects’ or ‘Blockers’ and ensuring that none of the identified Critical/Severity 1 defects are in Open Status
  • Re-testing and closing all the high-priority defects to execute corresponding Regression scenarios successfully

The following output is achieved through the exit criteria:

  • Test Logs
  • Test Incident Report Log
  • Test Summary Report/Findings Report

To sum up, the above-mentioned entry and exit criteria in software testing life cycle is a standard process every testing organization needs to follow. This, in turn, helps to improve the quality of your product. Rishabh Software provides end-to-end software testing services to ensure a bug-free, robust software solution for your business. Check out our Testing capabilities to leverage our matured and proven test approach.

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